Origin and cultural evolution of Homo erectus in East Africa (Human Paleontology)

The transition from Olduvayan to Acheulean and its relationship to the evolution of Homo habilis to Homo erectus is one of the most debated topics in modern Paleoanthropology. The Acheulean was the first human culture to spread widely throughout the Old World and lasted for 1.5 million years, but the biological and cultural processes that led to the emergence of Acheulean are still not well understood. This research will gather to reconstruct the paleoecological background and subsistence strategies of the first Achellenic hominids.

Period

Lower and Middle Pleistocene (between 1.9 and 0.15 million years)

Institution

Institute of History, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.

Web and social networks

http://www.olduvai-gorge.org

Principal Investigator(s)

Dr. Ignacio de la Torre
Institute of History, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.

Location

Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

LOCATION

RESULTS

The African Rift 
Valley has the longest and most continuous archaeological sequence of the entire Lower and Middle Pleistocene in the world. The research that the PI has conducted in Ethiopia and Tanzania (de la Torre et al., eds, 2018) in recent years has established the empirical, methodological and logistical basis for developing a long-term research project focused on the ecological, cultural and adaptive dynamics of the hominids that occupied the region between 1.7 and 0.2 million years.

  • To continue the consolidation of this line of research in a paleoecological and archaeological sequence for the Lower Pleistocene that serves as a reference to compare the world record belonging to this period.
  • Multidisciplinary approach to the archaeological record, which includes from the regional to the microscopic scale, the systematic use of GIS tools, the detailed analysis of the formation processes of the sites and the integral study of the associated geological and paleoecological contexts.
  • Innovative character in field and laboratory methodologies. This element of methodological innovation has become an international reference in recent years, and it is hoped that in the future we will continue to explore the digital and spatial tools that are currently being promoted in our lines of research.

Together with these components of methodological innovation, the originality of our proposal includes a transversal perspective in the study of the societies of the Lower Palaeolithic.

PICTURES

Fundación Palarq Autor: Fundación Palarq
La Fundación Palarq es una entidad privada y sin ánimo de lucro que se crea con la finalidad de apoyar las Misiones en Arqueología y Paleontología Humana Españolas en el extranjero, excluyendo Europa, dentro de una perspectiva que abarca desde la etapa paleontológica a las épocas prehistóricas y las históricas en interés monumental