Djehuty Project: 20 years of archaeological excavations in Luxor, Egypt

The main objective of the Djehuty Project is the excavation, restoration, scientific publication and dissemination of a group of funerary monuments and burials, on the hill of Dra Abu el-Naga, at the northern end of the necropolis of the ancient city of Thebes, today Luxor. The Djehuty Project, digging outside, has asked itself questions to find out how space was occupied over time, how the location of the tomb was chosen, how a tomb relates to those previously built in the area and, in turn, how this influenced the location of other later tombs, how tombs located on higher levels of the hill were circulated and accessed, etc. On the outside of the tombs you can find archaeological evidence of the offerings made and the rituals carried out in honor of the deceased and the paths laid out.

Period

The tombs, chapels and material culture range from the end of the Ancient Kingdom, ca. 2200 B.C., to Roman times, although the area remained inhabited and used in Byzantine and Islamic times, until the present.

Institution

Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas -Instituto de Lenguas y Culturas del Mediterráneo y Oriente Próximo

Web and social networks

www.excavacionegipto.com

Principal Investigator(s)

José Manuel Galán Allué

Location

Dr Abu el-Naga Hill, Luxor, Egypt

LOCATION

RESULTS

  • In the last archaeological campaign we found the first testimonies of the Ancient Kingdom, ca. 2200 B.C., in our site. Fragments of a “Meidum bowl” that advance the use of this area of the necropolis by two centuries.
  • The chapel tombs of Djehuty and Hery (TT 11-12), built between 1520 and 1470 B.C., have their walls entirely decorated with inscriptions and scenes in relief, both religious and funerary, as well as civil; the latter inform us about their families and their administrative career.
  • From a later period, we discovered the tomb of the overseer of the weavers, Ramose, who served under Ramses II, ca. 1200 BC.
  • The latest significant finding of impact among the scientific community and the general public, which occurred in 2017, consists of a funeral garden, discovered at the entrance of a large tomb from 2000 BC. The garden preserved the seeds of plants that grew there 4,000 years ago, as well as the trunk of a small tamarisk still standing in a corner of the garden. After protecting it with a metal structure and insulating plates, we made an exact replica that was placed just above the original.
  • Proof of the uniqueness and value of some of the findings is the fact that seven sets of pieces are on display at the Luxor Museum
    1- Linen cloth with the date of its production written in red ink, mentioning the year 2 of the reign of Amenhotep II, ca. 1450 B.C.
    2- The “Table of the Apprentice”, a stuccoed wooden board, used by a beginner scribe ca. 1470 B.C.
    3- Sample of part of the set of fifty bouquets (dried) used in a funeral ca. 1000 B.C., and found together with fifty vases.
    4- Intact burial of Iqer, ca. 2000 B.C., including his red inscribed coffin, walking sticks, bows, arrows and pottery used in the ritual of the deceased’s farewell.
    5- Set of seven gold earrings found at the entrance of the burial chamber of Djehuty, ca. 1470 B.C.
    6- Anthropomorphic and polychrome coffin, type “rishi”, of a character called Neb, ca. 1600 B.C.
    7- Set of models/mummy models (shabtis) wrapped in linen and inscribed with the name of the “Son of King Ahmose”, together with their wooden coffins.

PICTURES

Fundación Palarq Autor: Fundación Palarq
La Fundación Palarq es una entidad privada y sin ánimo de lucro que se crea con la finalidad de apoyar las Misiones en Arqueología y Paleontología Humana Españolas en el extranjero, excluyendo Europa, dentro de una perspectiva que abarca desde la etapa paleontológica a las épocas prehistóricas y las históricas en interés monumental